Three Winding Transformer and Reverse Power Flow


Catalog excerpts

Three Winding Transformer and Reverse Power Flow - 1

Applications Grid Dynamics Power Quality Voltage Regulation Earth Fault Detection Three Winding Transformer and Reverse Power Flow The Three Winding firmware feature is available on voltage regulators REG-D and REG-DA. It was originally designed to regulate and supervise three winding transformers. In the meantime it can also be used to fulfill other applications like reverse power flow - and blocking scenarios, or other applications in general which need a second voltage (U1, U2) and second current input (I1, I2). In these cases the firmware feature is mostly combined with background programming (special tool A. Eberle) to realize customer-specific requirements. The main characteristics of the Three Winding firmware feature are: • two galvanically separated voltage – (U1, U2) and current inputs (I1, I2) (hardware feature M9) • equal or different voltage transformer settings (VT`s) for the two measurement inputs (U1, U2), what means three winding transformer with different secondary voltage levels can be regulated easily (CT ratio on the two measurement inputs (I1, I2) can be different either) • display of both secondary voltages in the standard transducer mode • voltage, current, cos φ, apparent-, active- and reactive power can be displayed in the transducer mode for the measurement input that is selected for the regulation (U1, I1 or U2, I2) at the moment • voltage that is used for regulation can be selected via binary input, by SCADA-system or by background programming. One possibility for a background program is the change of the regulation voltage depending on the load of the two windings. This means, the winding with the bigger load will be regulated and the other one will be supervised (standard solution in case of three winding transformers if the currents are available). • selection of the regulated voltage (measurement input U1 or U2) is indicated on the REG-D(A) LC-Display and can be signalled via SCADA and via relay • all parallel programs and the current influence algorithms (ZIC or LDC) of the REG-D(A) can also be used in three winding applications • in case of measuring only voltages (U1, U2) the regulation side can be defined too, and can be changed depending on voltage limits which

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Three Winding Transformer and Reverse Power Flow - 2

Regulation of a Three Winding Transformer Three winding transformers are special power transformers that have two windings on the secondary side and normally feed two different bus bars. The voltage levels on the secondary side of the power transformer can be equal or different. In most cases these transformers have only one OLTC (onload tap-changer) on the primary side, although types of two tap-changers on the secondary side exist, so that it is normally necessary to connect both secondary voltages with the measurement inputs (U1, U2) of the voltage regulator REG-D(A) and to select one of...

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Three Winding Transformer and Reverse Power Flow - 3

The voltage which is used for regulation is indicated on the voltage regulator LC-Display. As standard you will see {1} for voltage input-1 (VT 1) and {2} for voltage input-2 (VT 2). This indication – {1} or {2} - can be changed to a free definable, applicationspecific three character string. In the transducer mode you can see both secondary voltages, the frequency and the limit for the unregulated voltage, which is monitored. The supervision of the unregulated voltage can be activated and deactivated by changing the feature 3winding. The regulated voltage will be indicated in the left...

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Three Winding Transformer and Reverse Power Flow - 4

other applications As mentioned before the three winding feature can also be used for other applications example: Regulation of a coupling transformer between two grids In this case power flow direction can change so that it is necessary to change also the regulated voltage. In normal operation the power flow is from the HV-side to the LV-side and the LV-side is used for measuring the regulated voltage. That`s the typical application of voltage regulation. When the power flow direction changes to reverse power flow then the HV-side will be regulated. Therefore the VT’s and the CT’s of the...

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