Clean Grid Solutions


Catalog excerpts

Clean Grid Solutions - 1

Clean Grid Solutions How to secure the quality of your mains supply. Planning and designing solutions for better power quality mains harmonic voltage distortion is the upper limit for reliable plant operation.

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Clean Grid Solutions - 3

Electrical devices and their environmental impact 6 Electromagnetic factors work in both directions 6 System responsibility rests with the operator 6 Basic principle of interference effects 7 Transmission paths of interference 7 First environment: residential, commercial and light industrial areas 8 Second environment: industrial environment 8 Radio frequency interference 9 Standards and directives define limits 9 The perfect mains voltage 10 Power quality - what are the key factors? 10 Technical solutions for the reliable supply of good power 11 How good is...

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Clean Grid Solutions - 4

EMC-compliant configuration as standard 34 Reliable harmonic mitigation 35 Take advantage of the proven benefits of AHF filters: 35 Mitigate harmonics, improve power quality and enhance system availability 36 Stand-alone or in combination with VLT® frequency converters 36 Specification of achievable THDi* 36 Enclosure protection rating 36 Lower harmonic emissions and higher power quality 38 Cooling via rear panel cooling duct 38 Enclosure 38 Available VLT® platforms 38 Helps achieve standards compliance 38 VLT® AutomationDrive, HVAC Drive and AQUA Drive with...

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Clean Grid Solutions - 5

Rising energy prices are forcing customers to use energy efficiently, leading to a broad spectrum of solutions to reduce energy consumption. Perhaps the best known example is energy-efficient lamps, which are now widely used in both household and commercial areas. In addition, speed control of motors using frequency converters has become common practice in building automation and industrial production, since this helps to drastically reduce energy consumption in the vast majority of cases. But just like power electronics in televisions, computers, switching power supplies and the like,...

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Clean Grid Solutions - 6

RFI suppression Radioactivity stSS. Immunity Electrical devices and their influence on the environment Every electrical device produces electrical and magnetic fields that affect its immediate environment to a greater or lesser extent. The magnitude and effect of these factors depend on the power and construction of the device. In electrical machines and systems, interactions between electrical or electronic components can impair or prevent reliable, trouble-free operation. For this reason it is important for plant operators, designers and plant engineers to understand the mechanisms of...

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Clean Grid Solutions - 7

Distinguishing between conducted and radiated emissions Basic principle of interference effects There is always an interaction between several systems. In this regard, specialists distinguish between the interference source and the interference sink, or in other words, the device that causes interference and the device that suffers interference. Interference can be caused by any sort of electrical or magnetic quantity that causes an undesirable effect. This may take the form of mains harmonics, electrostatic discharges, rapid voltage variations, high-frequency interference voltages or...

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Clean Grid Solutions - 8

The operating site is decisive First and second environment Special environments In these environments the user can decide on the environmental classification of the plant. The prerequisites are an own mediumvoltage transformer supply and a clear demarcation relative to other environments. Within the operator’s environment, the operator is directly responsible for the electromagnetic compatibility measures necessary to ensure the trouble-free operation of all devices. Some examples are the building services areas of shopping centres, supermarkets, gas filling stations, office buildings and...

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Clean Grid Solutions - 9

Radio frequency interference Frequency converters use rectangular voltage pulses with variable width to generate variable-frequency rotating fields at corresponding motor voltages. The steep pulse edges contain high-frequency components. These components are radiated by the motor cable and the frequency converter and conducted to the mains via the supply cable. To reduce the effect of this interference on the mains feed, manufacturers use radio frequency interference suppression filters (also known as RFI filters or mains filters). They serve to protect the device against...

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Clean Grid Solutions - 10

Electrical energy is now the most important resource for households, industry and commerce. But it is an unusual one: it must be constantly available, it can hardly be stored, and QC before use is practically impossible. On top of that, it is generated at some distance from the point of use, and fed into the grid together with the output from a large number of other generators. The energy reaches users via several transformers and many kilometres of overhead lines and underground cables. The network equipment belongs to a large number of different bodies, and responsibility for...

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Clean Grid Solutions - 11

Each of these power quality problems has a different cause. For example, a transient resulting from a blown fuse can cause problems for another customer. Harmonics can be generated by devices within an endcustomer site and distributed over the network to other users. The electricity companies take the position that customers with critical requirements on power supply quality must take the effort and cost of power quality assurance themselves, rather than guaranteeing all customers very high availability everywhere and at all times. Ensuring the supply of power at all times under all...

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Clean Grid Solutions - 12

Problems with harmonics almost always fall under the responsibility of the user. They result from non-linear input currents in electrical loads. As a result of the mains impedance, the higher frequency components are superimposed on the mains voltage and can be distributed through the network. The most common causes of these non-sinusoidal input currents are rectifier and phase control circuits. These circuits are very widely used and can be found in energy-efficient lamps, computers, monitors, frequency converters, battery chargers, and other systems with power electronics. This means that...

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